The fantastically reimagined dystopian world in the new movie Mad Max: Fury Road is a wonderfully cacophonous sensory vision of a post-apocalyptic nightmare. With stunningly choreographed anarchic violence it is an orgiastic relishing of the grim and macabre, with the reapers of death dispensing gory dispatch to anything in their path. Rendered in the grandly lurid sensibility of a comic book it is a visually stunning descent into a hellish, plague-ridden scene of horror.
Of course this is nothing new. Tales of apocalyptic catastrophes exist in the mythic pre-histories of many world cultures. Depictions of the world after the imagined Apocalypse have proliferated in art for millennia. In medieval times these visions served as potent religious visual warnings to wayward congregations but by the 18th Century had often become preposterous Technicolor indulgences.
Here are just a few examples from different eras in art. All are vivid depictions of war, death and disaster.
The Four Horsemen, from The Apocalypse, (1498), Albrecht Dürer © The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Triumph of Death, (c.1562) Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Museo del Prado
The Raft of the Medusa, (1818-19), Jean Louis Théodore Géricault, Musée du Louvre
Los Desastres de la Guerra-No.39-Grande hazaña, con muertos, Goya, Museo del Prado
Jake & Dinos Chapman’s after Goya Disasters
Apocalypse, (1831) Ludwig Ferdinand Schnorr von Carolsfeld
Sodom and Gomorrah, (1852), John Martin
The Great Day of His Wrath, (1853), John Martin
Death on the Pale Horse, (1865), Gustave Doré
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, (1887), Viktor Vasnetsov
The Menin Road, (1919), Paul Nash
Apocalyptic Riders, Nibil Kanso